The Pentland Rising of 1666: Executed in Dumfries on 2 January, 1667 #History #Scotland

geograph-937457-by-Lairich-Rig

Two days after the executions in Irvine, two more Covenanters were hanged and beheaded in Dumfries for their part in the Pentland Rising of November, 1666. Their heads were exhibited at the mercat cross of Dumfries and were said to have been spiked on the bridge port. (Hewison, Covenanters, II, 210, 210n.)

Two executed at Dumfries, 2 January, 1667.

35. John Grier[son] in Fourmerkland, Holywood parish, Nithsdale, Dumfriesshire.
No martyrs’ testimony has survived. Fourmerkland lies in Holywood parish near Dumfries in Nithsdale.

Map of Fourmerkland Tower

36. William Welsh in Kirkpatrick parish/Kilpatrick parish.
He was probably Kirkpatrick-Irongray parish (kirkcudbrightshire) rather than Kirkpatrick-Juxta parish (Annandale). A number of fugitives named Welsh came from Irongray parish. No martyrs’ testimony has survived.

Their gravestones were erected between 1702 to 1714 and are located in St Michael’s Churchyard in Dumfries. A later monument lies close to the graves.

Both Covenanters also appear on the Nithsdale Martyrs Monument.

The Dumfries martyrs were the last of 36 Covenanters executed for the Pentland Rising of 1666. To see the first ten executed and find out what happened to their heads, see the first post here.

~ by drmarkjardine on January 2, 2019.

2 Responses to “The Pentland Rising of 1666: Executed in Dumfries on 2 January, 1667 #History #Scotland”

  1. […] the Irvine executions, two more Covenanters were hanged and beheaded in Dumfries on 2 January […]

  2. […] 20. William Grierson. Perhaps of Lochwharre. He was badly wounded in the Enterkin Rescue in 1684 and recaptured. It is possible that it may be an error for John Grierson in Holywood parish, who was executed at Dumfries, January, 1667. […]

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