The British Army of the Killing Times in the Winter of 1685 #History #Scotland

 

On 10 December, 1685, General William Drummond wrote a memorial of the winter quarters appointed for the King’s Scottish Army, aka., the British Army, until further orders.

The modern regiments descended from these regiments are @scots_guards, @2_SCOTS
and @SCOTS_DG

‘The winter quarters appointed for his majesties forces till furder ordor:
The Kings troop of guards, consisting of four squadrons, att the Canongate, Dalkeith, Musselburgh, Christorphin and the next adjacent places.
The regiment of horse consisting of sex troops.
The collonell at Jedburgh in Tiviotdale.
The leivetenent collonells at Drumfreis in Nithsdale.
The majors at Glasgow in Clidsdale.
The Earle of Balcarres at Calder and Bathgate, by turns, in West Louthian.
The Earl of Airlies at Mauchline, Newmilnes, Mayboll annd Kilmarnock, by turnes in Aire-shire.
Lord William Douglas at the toun of Kirkcudbright.
The regiment of dragoons consisting of sex troops.
The collonells troop at Drumfreis in Nithsdale.
The leivetenent collonells at Lanerk in Clidsdale.
Captain Strauchans troop at Newtoun in Galloway in the stewartrie.
George Winrhames troop at Wigtoun in Galloway.
Sir Adam Blaires at Cumnock in Aire-shire
Captain Livingstons at Straven in Clidsdale.
The Kings regiment of guards consisting of fourteen companies. Nyn in and about Edinburgh; four at Glasgow; one at Stirling.
The Earle of Mars’ regiment tuelve companies. Sex at Aire; three at Glasgow; tuo at Stirline; one at Invernes.’ (RPCS, XI, 256.)

We can clarify that information and resolve which officers were involved in greater detail, as follows:

King’s Regiment of Horse (Six troops):

1. Colonel John Graham of Claverhouse’s troop of horse at Jedburgh, Teviotdale.
Captain-Lieutenant Andrew Bruce of Earlshall.
Cornet David Graham.

2. Lieutenant-colonel James Douglas, Earl of Drumlanrig’s troop of horse at Dumfries, Nithsdale.
Lieutenant Francis Crichton.
Cornet John Naismith.

3. Major Lord William Ross’s troop of horse at Glasgow, Lanarkshire.
Lieutenant [Sir] Mark Carse.
Cornet not known. (Sir Adam Blair, younger of Carberry, was the cornet of this troop until he was shot in the neck at the Battle of Muirdykes on 18 June, 1685. He was promoted to a captaincy in the dragoons on 6 November.)

4. Captain Colin Lindsay, Earl of Balcarres’s troop of horse by turns at Calder and Bathgate, Linlithgowshire.
Lieutenant David Bruce.
Cornet James Fletcher.

5. Captain James Ogilvy, Earl of Airlie’s troop of horse by turns at Mauchline, Newmilns, Maybole and Kilmarnock, Ayrshire.
Lieutenant William Graham of Balquhaple.
Cornet Sir William Keith.

6. Lord William Douglas’s troop of horse at Kirkcudbright, Kirkcudbrightshire.
Lieutenant James Stewart.
Cornet William Douglas.

The several officers in the dragoons were promoted or brought into the regiment to make up for losses in their ranks. Broadly those changes took place in mid 1685.

His Majesty’s Regiment of Dragoons (Six troops):

1. Colonel Lord Charles Murray’s troop of dragoons at Dumfries, Nithsdale.
Captain-lieutenant Alexander Bruce of Broomhall. (See lieutenant below)
Cornet John Baillie.

Formerly the troop of General Dalyell. Pre November, 1685:
General Thomas Dalyell. (died August, 1685.)
Captain-lieutenant Thomas Winram. (Resigned October, 1685.)
Cornet John Baillie.

2. Lieutenant-colonel John Wedderburn of Gosford’s troop of dragoons at Lanark, Lanarkshire.
Lieutenant James Murray.
Cornet James Murray.

Pre November, 1685:
Major John Wedderburn of Gosford. (See above.)
Lieutenant James Murray.
Cornet James Dundas. (Had arm shot off at Muirdykes, 18 June, 1685.)

3. Captain William Livingstone of Kilsyth’s troop of dragoons at Strathaven, Lanarkshire.
Lieutenant James Dundas. (see cornet above.)
Cornet James Innes.

Formerly Lord Charles Murray’s troop before 6 November, 1685. Pre November, 1685:
Captain Lord Charles Murray. (See above.)
Lieutenant Alexander Bruce of Broomhall. (See above. Previously a captain in Scots Brigade abroad.)
Cornet James Innes.

4. Captain John Strachan’s troop of dragoons at Newtown of Galloway in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright.
Lieutenant John Livingston.
Cornet Henry Drummond.

5. Captain Sir Adam Blair, younger of Carberry’s troop of dragoons at Cumnock, Ayrshire.
Lieutenant John Crichton.
Cornet John Whiteford.

Formerly Captain William Cleland’s troop before he was killed at Muirdykes on 18 June, 1685. Blair, formerly of Lord Ross’s Horse, was shot in the neck at Muirdykes. Pre November, 1685:
Captain William Cleland (Died at Muirdykes, 18 June, 1685.)
Lieutenant John Crichton.
Cornet John Whiteford.

6. Captain ‘Major’ George Winram’s troop of dragoons at Wigtown, Galloway. (George Winram had previously been a major.)
Lieutenant Lewis Lauder.
Cornet David Garioch.

Formerly Captain John Inglis’ troop in Ayrshire before early May, 1685. Pre 3 May, 1685:
Captain John Inglis. (A commission was award to Winram on 30 March, but Inglis remained in post until the attack on Newmilns in late April. See Dalton, Scots Army, 22, note 3.)
Lieutenant Lewis Lauder.
Cornet Peter Inglis. (Followed his father out of the regiment.)

if you want to know which modern regiments of the British Army were involved in the Killing Times, see here.

In the winter of 1685, the units were distributed around the country as follows:

Edinburgh
Nine companies of the King’s Regiment of Footguards in and about Edinburgh.
Four squadrons of the King’s Troop of Lifeguards at the Canongate, Dalkeith, Musselburgh, Corstorphine and adjacent places.

Linlithgowshire
Earl of Balcarres’s troop of horse by turns at Calder and Bathgate, Linlithgowshire.

Glasgow
Major Lord William Ross’s troop of horse at Glasgow, Lanarkshire.
Four companies of the King’s Regiment of Footguards at Glasgow.
Three companies of Mar’s Regiment of Foot at Glasgow.

Lanark
Lieutenant-colonel John Wedderburn of Gosford’s troop of dragoons at Lanark, Lanarkshire.

Strathaven
Captain William Livingstone’s troop of dragoons at Strathaven, Lanarkshire. (Formerly Lord Charles Murray’s troop before 6 November, 1685.)

Ayr
Six companies of Mar’s Regiment of Foot at Ayr.

Ayrshire
Earl of Airlie’s troop of horse by turns at Mauchline, Newmilns, Maybole and Kilmarnock, Ayrshire.
Captain Sir Adam Blair, younger of Carberry’s troop of dragoons at Cumnock, Ayrshire.

Wigtown
Captain ‘Major’ George Winram’s troop of dragoons at Wigtown, Galloway. (Formerly Captain John Inglis’ troop in Ayrshire before early May, 1685.)

Newtown of Galloway
Captain John Strachan’s troop of dragoons at Newtown of Galloway in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright.

Kirkcudbright
Lord William Douglas’s troop of horse at Kirkcudbright, Kirkcudbrightshire.

Dumfries
Lieutenant-colonel James Douglas, Earl of Drumlanrig’s troop of horse at Dumfries, Nithsdale.
Colonel Lord Charles Murray’s troop of dragoons at Dumfries, Nithsdale. (Formerly the troop of General Dalyell.)

Jedburgh
Colonel John Graham of Claverhouse’s troop of horse at Jedburgh, Teviotdale.

Stirling
One company of the King’s Regiment of Footguards at Stirling.
Two companies of Mar’s Regiment of Foot at Stirling.

Inverness
One company of Mar’s Regiment of Foot at Inverness.

~ by drmarkjardine on September 23, 2018.

2 Responses to “The British Army of the Killing Times in the Winter of 1685 #History #Scotland”

  1. I think this David Graham is my ancestor

  2. […] He was recaptured by Captain John Strachan’s dragoons, who were based at New Galloway in the winter of 1685 to 1686. […]

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