Nine Covenanters Buried at Glasgow Cathedral #History #Scotland

On a stairway down to the crypt of Glasgow Cathedral is a gravestone to some of the Covenanters executed in Glasgow. The stone is hard to see as it is in a pretty dark spot. The Crypt was formerly the Barony Church that Donald Cargill was the minister of before the Restoration.

Glasgow Covenanters Cathedral.jpg large

Photograph copyright Gary @Syllables_2 and reproduced by his very kind permission.

The first four names are of men hanged on 19 December, 1666, for their part in the Battle of Rullion Green during the Pentland Rising of that year. The other five were militant Society people executed in 1684.

The inscription on stone in Glasgow Cathedral is as follows:

‘Here lies the corps of
ROBERT BUNTON, JOHN HART,
ROBERT SCOTT,
MATTHEW PATOUN,
JOHN RICHMOND,
JAMES JOHNSTON,
ARCHIBALD STEWART,
JAMES WINNING,
JOHN MAIN.

Who suffered at the cross of Glasgow
For their testimony to the covenants
and work of reformation,
Because they durst not own the
Authority of the then tyrants
Destroying the same,
Betwixt 1666 and 1688.

YEARS sixty-six and eighty-four
Did send their souls home to glore,
Whose bodies here interred ly
Then sacrificed to tyranny
To covenants and reformation
Cause they adheared in their station.
These nine, with others in this yard
Whose heads and bodies were not spar’d
Their testimonies, foes, to bury
Caus’d beat the drums then in great fury.
They’ll know at resurrection day
To murder saints was no sweet play.

The original Stone and Inscription
Repaired and new lettered
MDCCCCXXVII.
At the expense of a few FRIENDS of the CAUSE
For which the MARTYRS SUFFERED’

Hewison gives an account of the four men hanged at Glasgow Cross in 1666:

‘The Justiciary Commission, consisting of Linlithgow, Wigtown, Montgomery (eighth Eglinton), and Mungo Murray, held a court in Glasgow on 17th December, and sent to the gallows, two days afterwards, Robert Buntein in Fenwick, John Hart in West Quarter, Glassford, Robert Scott in Shavock, Dalserf, and Matthew Paton, shoemaker, New Milns. When the condemned men attempted to address the spectators from the scaffold, the soldiers silenced them with drums. That was an old trick of Turner—and Rothes and Turner spent a merry Yule together in Glasgow.’ (Hewison, Covenanters, II, 209.)

According to Row:
‘In the time of thir last executions Rothes, the King’s Commissioner, is at Glasgow, where he caused execute four persons that were apprehended after Pentland hill’s fight. He caused beat drums when they began to speak upon the scaffold, so that their last speeches were not heard. The Commissioner keeps Yule at Glasgow with Sir James Turner, who escaped in the time of the fight at Pentland hills.’ (Row. Life of Blair, 506.)

Buntine is also remembered on a memorial stone in Fenwick Churchyard:

‘Erected
in memory of
Robert Buntine
who was executed at Glasgow
19th December 1666
and
James Blackwood
who was executed at Irvine
31st December 1666
(Both Natives of Fenwick)
For their attachment
to the Covenanted Work of Reformation
and their share
in the struggle at Pentland
in November of the same year’ (Campbell, Standing Witnesses, 97.)

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Text © Copyright Dr Mark Jardine. All Rights Reserved. Please link to this post on Facebook or retweet it, but do not reblog in FULL without the express permission of the author @drmarkjardine

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~ by drmarkjardine on May 21, 2017.

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