Two Men who Fought at the Battle of Airds Moss in 1680 #History #Scotland


The records of Edinburgh Tolbooth reveal the names of two men connected to the battle of Airds Moss on 22 July, 1680.

Recorded under 10 August, 1680:

‘Curia Justiciary &c. (August 2 1680)

The said day the s[ai]ds Lords Commissioners of Justiciary having examined John Crawfoord att the old castle of Reyle anent James Wallance his servant who deponed That the s[ai]d James wes hirding his sheep the werie tyme off the conflict betuixt the pairtie of the Kings forces and Camerons pairtie and that he never used to frequent conventickles and that he sought leive from him to goe sie his brother who wes wounded in that skirmish They thairfor ordaine the said James Wallance to be sett at libertie . . .
Sic Sub Ro: martine’

James Vallance’s brother was John Vallance, who died in prison in Edinburgh of the wounds he had received at Airds Moss.

James Vallance was a shepherd for John Crawford at the Old Castle of Kyle in Auchinleck parish. His brother John was from the same parish.

Both men may have been kin to a second John Vallance, a fugitive in the same area who had a child baptised at Renwick’s field preaching at Braehead and was tried in 1687.

The other prisoner released was a William Campbell, who was suspected of having fought alongside Cameron’s followers at Airds Moss:

Recorded under 10 August 1680:

‘Edr the sixt day of August 1680
Ye shall immediatlie vpon sight heiroff sett William Campbell prisoner att libertie ffurth off your tolbuith in respect he hes found sufficient caution and sovertie acted in the bookes off adjournall ffor his appeirance befor the lords Commissioners of justiciary within the Tolbuith off Edinburgh or else wher whenever he shall be cited upon a lafull warning off ffyfteine dayes to vnderlie the law ffor his alleadged being with that pairtie off the rebells who ingadged with his majesties forces att ayres moss upon the twentie second day off Jullay last and that vnder the paine of Two hundreth merkes scots conforme to the s[ai]ds lords ther ordinance there anent . . .
Sic Sub Ro: martine ’ (Book of the Old Edinburgh Club, VI, 145.)

As his name is given with out a location attached to it, it is not possible to know where he came from for certain. However, he was presumably captured by the authorities soon after the battle. He may have been kin to Thomas Campbell in Waterhead/Hole, a notorious traitor and known follower of Cameron. It may be a coincidence, but Hole lay next to the Old Castle of Kyle in Auchinleck parish.

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Additional Text © Copyright Dr Mark Jardine. All Rights Reserved. Please feel free link to this post on Facebook or other social networks or retweet it, but do not reblog in FULL without the express permission of the author @drmarkjardine

~ by drmarkjardine on November 7, 2016.

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