Parliament Responds to the Covenanters Against the Union in 1706 #History #Scotland

Proclamation Union 1707

On Saturday 30 November, 1706, Parliament responded to the tumults in Glasgow, the Society people’s declaration at Dumfries and letters organising an anti-Union rebellion in Lanarkshire, by ordering a proclamation that was probably proclaimed in Glasgow, Dumfries and Lanark on Monday 2 December:

A Proclamation
Against all Tumultuary and Irregular Meetings and Convocations of the Liedges.

ANNE, by the grace of God, Queen of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith: To Our Lyon King at Arms, and his Brethren, Heraulds, Pursevants. Macers, and Messengers at Arms, Our Sheriffs in that part, conjunctly and severally, specially constitute, greeting:

Forasmuch as, albeit the raising of Tumults, and making Convocations within Burgh, and the Riotous and Disorderly Assembling and continuing in Arms, thereby insulting the Magistrates, and hindering them in the Execution of their Office, and hindering of the Common Law, be contrary to sundry Laws and Acts of Parliament, as well as destructive of the ends of Government, and particularly to Parl. 14. cap. 77. Ja. 2. Ja. 4. Parl. 3. chap. 34. Ja. 6. Parl. 18. chap. 17. As also the rising in arm, convocating our Liedges in the open fields, and marching in formed bodies armed through the country, and entering into our Royal Burghs, boden in Fier of Weir, and entering into bonds, leagues, and associations, for prosecuting illegal and unwarrantable ends, be, by several Laws and Acts of Parliament, declared to be open and manifest Treason, and the Committers, Abettors, and Assistants in such Crimes and Practices, ought to be prosecuted, and may be punished as Traitors to her Majesty and her Government; and particularly by Parl. 2. Ja. 1st. chap. 37. Ja. 2. Parl. 6. chap. 14. Ja. 6. Parl. 12. chap. 144. Cha. 2. Parl. 1st. Session 1st. chap. 3.

Yet, nevertheless, We, and our Estates of Parliament, are certainly informed, that in several corners of the Realm, and particularly in our Burgh of Glasgow, and other places within the Sheriffdom of Lanerk, and in our Burgh of Dumfries, and other places adjacent, people have presumed, in manifest contempt of the foresaid Laws, to assemble themselves in open defiance of our Government, and with manifest design to overturn the same, by insulting the Magistrates, attacking and assaulting the houses of our peaceable subjects, continuing openly in arms, and marching in formed bodies through the country, and into our Burghs, and insolently burning, in the face of the sun, and presence of the Magistrates, the Articles of Treaty, betwixt our two Kingdoms, entered into by the authority of Parliament, and even after the said Articles had been presented to Us, and were under the consideration of Us and our Estates, presently sitting in Parliament, and some progress made thereupon; and such crimes and insolencies being no ways to be tolerated in any well-governed nation; but, on the contrary, ought to be condignly punished conform to the Laws above-mentioned, and other Acts of Parliament made thereanent, especially if persisted and continued in after our displeasure therewith shall be made known:

Therefore, We, with advice and consent of the Estates of Parliament, peremptorily require and command all and every person, who have assembled themselves in manner above-mentioned, to lay down their said arms, and disperse themselves, and peaceably and quietly to retire, and betake themselves to their several habitations and employments; and We, with advice foresaid, prohibit and discharge any assembling or convocating in arms in manner foresaid, under the pains contained in the Acts of Parliament above-mentioned, certifying all that shall be guilty, actors, abettors, or assistants, in convocating or assembling in arms, or those who shall convocate and commit these practices above-mentioned, shall be treated and pursued as open traitors, and the pains of Treason execute upon them accordingly:

And in case any of our people shall dare to be so presumptuous, after publication of the premisses, to assemble or continue in arms; We hereby require and command the Sheriffs of our several Shires, Stewarts of Stewartries, Baillies of Regallities and Baronies, Magistrates of Burghs, and other Officers of our Law, Officers of our Forces and Troops under their command, to pass upon, disperse, and subdue the said convocation, by open force, and all manner of violence, as enemies and open rebels to us and our Government:

And in case any slaughter, blood, bruises, or mutilation shall happen to be done and committed by our said Sheriffs, and Officers of our Forces, and other Magistrates foresaid, or persons under their command; We, with advice foresaid, do hereby fully remit, pardon, and indemnify the same, and discharge the prosecution thereof civilly or criminally in all time coming.

Our will is therefore, and we charge you, that ye pass to the Mercat cross of Edinburgh, and the Mercat-crosses of Dumfries, Lanerk, and Glasgow, and other places needful, and there make publication hereof, by open Proclamation of the premisses, that none pretend ignorance: And ordains these presents to be printed, and our Solicitors to send Copies hereof to the Magistrates of the respective Burghs above mentioned, for that effect. Extracted forth of the Records of Parliament, by
JA. MURRAY, Cls. Reg.

God Save the Queen.’

(Reproduced in Defoe, History of the Union, 658-9.)

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Additional Text © Copyright Dr Mark Jardine. All Rights Reserved. Please feel free link to this post on Facebook or other social networks or retweet it, but do not reblog in FULL without the express permission of the author @drmarkjardine

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~ by drmarkjardine on April 26, 2016.

4 Responses to “Parliament Responds to the Covenanters Against the Union in 1706 #History #Scotland”

  1. […] assembling in arms during this Session of Parliament [i.e., the last ever session of Parliament], under the pain of Treason: it carried, with few Noes, and some Mutes. D[uke of]. Ham[ilton]. was not present. D[uke of]. […]

  2. […] In a letter at the height of the Union Crisis on 30 November, 1706, the English author and spy, Daniel Defoe, reports that he had sent an agent from Edinburgh to the West to dissuade Presbyterians from rising against the Treaty of Union. On the same day, the Scottish Parliament ordered a proclamation against those planning a rising. […]

  3. […] act was followed by a proclamation at the mercat crosses of Dumfries, Lanark and Glasgow that was designed to make the […]

  4. […] least Motion towards their accustomed ordinary Rendezvous warranted by Law, since the publishing of a Proclamation and Act [Against All Musters], forbidding the same [on 30 November]: It is true, That some of those […]

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