The Hidden: Fugitives in Twynholm and Tongland Parishes in 1684
The summons to the circuit court held in Kirkcudbright in October, 1684, offers a fleeting glimpse into the networks of kin, friends and neighbours who hid the Society people.
The following comes from the entries on Twynholm and Tongland parishes in Kirkcudbrightshire. The area around the northern ends of both parishes was a place of interest for the authorities and produced several martyrs in the Killing Times of 1685.
1. John Charteris in Tongland
He appears on the published fugitive roll as ‘John Chatres, in Tongland.’ (Jardine, ‘United Societies’, II, 219.)
At some point between May and September, 1684, John Charteris took oaths and gave bond, and was removed from the roll of fugitives. However, those who had assisted him were still sought out. According to the summons:
‘Barb[a]ra Gordone in Ballannan, John Gordone in Barncrosh and John Shemen in Nather Barncrosh [were summoned for] for converseing with John Charters, rebell, befor he was relaxed;’ (RPCS, IX, 374.)
Both Balannan and Barcrosh lie in Tongland parish.
2. William Halliday, Glengap, Twynholm parish
Appears on the published Fugitive Roll of May, 1684, as ‘William Halliday, in Glencape’. (Jardine, ‘United Societies’, II, 220.)
Glengap lies at the northern end of the narrow parish of Twynholm close to its eastern boundary with Tongland parish.
William was closely related to one of the martyrs, David Halliday in Glengap, who was killed with George Short of Tongland parish in 1685. He also almost certainly knew two other martyrs of the Killing Times who lived very close to Glengap, David Halliday in Mayfield and John Hallume in Lairdmannoch.
According to the summons:
‘William Sturgeon in Nather Barncrosh [in Tongland parish] and James Maclane, taillor, ther, for converseing with William Hallyday, fugitive, and John Charters, rebell;’ (RPCS, IX, 374.)
The implication of the different labels applied to Charteris (rebel) and Halliday (fugitive) may indicate that Halliday was found guilty of resetting rebels.
3. Alexander McBurnie in Culcaigrie, Twynholm parish
McBurnie appears on the published Fugitive Roll as ‘Alexander Birnie, in Colkegrie’. (Jardine, ‘United Societies’, II, 220.)
According to the summons:
‘George McBurnie for converseing with, resetting of and doeing favours to Alexander McBurnie, declaired rebell;’ (RPCS, IX, 377.)
Where George McBurnie lived is not stated, but it was probably at, or near, Alexander’s former home at Culcaigrie. Alexander and George were probably close kin. Culcaigrie lies close to Glengap.
4. Andrew McGowan in Quarters, Tongland parish
The summons also occasionally sought out those who were allegedly present at, or aided the rebels of, the Bothwell Rising of 1679, but had not been identified when the fugitive roll was published in mid 1684:
‘Andrew McGoune in Quarters for treasonable riseing in armes att the rebellion in anno seventie nyne, assisting and supplieing the rebells in ther treasonable and rebelliouse designes;’ (RPCS, IX, 377.)
Quarters, sometimes Quarter, lay between Chapel and Maiden’s Ha’, a mill in Tongland parish. Both Quarters and the mill have vanished, but lay just to the east of the A762.
Quarters was also the home of the ‘David Braidson, in Quarters’ listed on the Fugitive Roll.
For more on Twynholm parish, see here.
For more on Tongland parish, see here.
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