John Graham of Claverhouse on the departure of the Highlanders in 1685.

A letter from Claverhouse of 3 July, 1685, confirms that the Highland forces, which had swept through the West of Scotland since the beginning of May, had departed.

ThorlieshopeThorlieshope © Walter Baxter and licensed for reuse.

His letter is of interest as it notes that the Highlanders had encamped at Leadhills in Crawford parish, Lanarkshire, at the end of their sweep.

Map of Leadhills

His letter also mentions that he had given money, which was raised by selling the cattle of rebels and was intended to maintain the Highlanders, to the Earl of Home’s militia regiment. Home’s men were still in the field. At some point around this time Home’s forces were involved in a raid on Kirkcalla in which Gilbert McIlroy was seized.

It also locates Claverhouse close to the Border, as he wrote the letter at Thorlieshope Tower in Castleton parish, Liddesdale, Roxburgh.

Map of Thorlieshope

It appears that Claverhouse remained close to the Border after he was ordered there in May. On 11 or 12 May, Claverhouse had been involved in the summary execution of Andrew Hislop.

Letter of John Graham of Claverhouse to William Douglas, Duke of Queensberry.

At Thorl[i]eshope, July 3d, 1685.

‘May it please your Grace:—Some time ago, I had an order signed by your Grace, and some other of the Lords of the secret Committee, to apply the moveables of rebels for the maintenance of the forces; and accordingly I gave to them all the sheep and cows were eatable; those that were not, I caused carry into England, and make money of them; of which I have recovered forty pounds sterling, which I designed for the Highlanders at Leadhills ; but seeing they are gone home, I have sent it to the Earl of Home’s regiment; for Sir William Douglas has got for his above a hundred pounds sterling of the money of the Duke of Monmouth’s regiment, as they call it here. There is a hundred pounds sterling owing by bond for more of the rebels’ goods, by persons in England, but is not payable till Lammas. So, your Grace will be pleased to let me know if you approve of what is done, and what [way] you will have me to dispose of that money when it falls due. I am, my Lord, your Grace’s most humble servant,
J. Grahame.’
(Napier, Memorialls of Viscount Dundee, III, 462.)

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Text © Copyright Dr Mark Jardine. All Rights Reserved. Please link to this post, but do not reblog without the express permission of the author.

~ by drmarkjardine on October 17, 2013.

5 Responses to “John Graham of Claverhouse on the departure of the Highlanders in 1685.”

  1. […] ordered him to join the Highlanders who were then at Leadhills, i.e, at the top of Nithsdale. The Highlanders had left Leadhills by 3 […]

  2. […] departed from Leadhills and the West at the beginning of […]

  3. […] Simpson’s story was based on Wodrow, who told the same story without identifying who was involved. Wodrow’s version dates the story to earlier in the year. The letters of Claverhouse prove he was in the general area between May and 3 July, 1685. […]

  4. […] his march into Dumfriesshire on 6 June, he appears to have generally remained there, as on 3 July, he was in Castleton parish, near the Border, dealing with possible incursions linked to Monmouth’s Rebellion, which began on 10 June and was […]

  5. […] 3 July, John Graham of Claverhouse wrote that Hume’s militia regiment was still in the field, clearly in Galloway, even though the Highland militia to the north at Wanlockhead had already gone […]

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