The Two Banishments of George Jackson: Flanders and Barbados

The Fortress of Luxembourg in 1684The Fortress of Luxembourg in 1684

In 1687, a George Jackson was processed for banishment to Barbados. Remarkably, this was the second time that Jackson had faced banishment…

On 4 March, 1684, he had been banished to Flanders to serve in the regiment of Colonel Henry Gage during the War of the Reunions. He may have arrived before the fall of the fortress of Luxembourg to Louis XIV’s forces in June. Gage (1630-1702) was a military man and a Catholic. According to Childs and Dalton, he was possibly the son of Sir Edward Gage, the fourth baronet Gage. However, other sources name him as the son of Henry Gage (d. 1645), a Royalist officer who raised a regiment for the service of the Spanish Crown in Flanders. In the 1670s, Gage was a lieutenant-colonel in an English regiment of mercenaries that served the Spanish Crown in Flanders. In 1677, he was promoted to colonel and given command of a Scottish regiment for the same purpose. He remained in Flanders until he was recalled by James VII in September, 1688, to take command of a new regiment of foot made up of Catholics. He remained with James VII after he fled England and attended his court at St. Germain. He was married to Jeanne de Kerchove (d.1684), daughter of Jean Seigneur de Vaulx et Campagne, and acquired with her the Seignory de law Woestyne. He died at Tournay in 1702 leaving a son, Hendrick. (John Childs, The Army, James II, and the Glorious Revolution, 24; Dalton, English Army, II, 171, 171n; Steinman, Some Account of the Manor of Haling, 50.)

Jackson was banished to Flanders with six others:

‘These seven following were sentenced and banished to West Flanders, who departed the kingdom, March 4, 1684: Thomas Jackson [in Eastwood], George Jackson, James Forrest elder [in Cambusnethan parish], James Forrest younger [in Cambusnethan parish], John Coline [or Collin], James Gourlay [in Cambusnethan parish], ——– Gillies [Wodrow names the latter ‘Dennis Gilcreif’]’. (Thomson (ed.), CW, 524.)

He also subscribed their joint testimony on his banishment. (NLS MSS, Wod.Oct.XXIX, f.271.)

It is not clear where Jackson came from. Like the Thomas Jackson listed next to him, he may have come from Eaglesham parish, Renfrewshire.

He returned to Scotland, even though he was forbidden to under the terms of his banishment, and was recaptured after he had frequented Renwick’s field preachings, probably in mid or late 1686.

On Edinburgh 6 and 7 December, 1686, he was brought before a committee of the privy council:
‘George Jackson, prisoner from Glasgow, formerlie banished to Flanders with Colonell [Henry] Gage [in 1684], and since his return without allowance apprehended for frequenting conventicles, being asked if he owns his Majesties authoritie answers he owns all lawful authoritie, and being interrogat if he considers the Kings authoritie lawfull, refuises to answer; being desyred to say ‘God save the King’ answers he will pray for all that are within the election of grace; refuises to call Bothwelbridge rebellion a rebellion or sin against God; refuises to answer to the questions put to him anent his converse or where he hes bein recept since his returne, and is already forfaulted. It’s the committees oppinion he be remitted to the Justices to apoy[n]t a day’ (RPCS, XIII, 21-2.)

There is no surviving record of his trial, but on 12 March, 1687, the privy council ordered that
reports of his appearance before the justices should be read to decide on his banishment to Barbados. (RPCS, XIII, 133-4.)

He was probably banished to Barbados on Mr Croft’s ship in April, 1687. There is no record of his fate.

Text © Copyright Dr Mark Jardine. All Rights Reserved.

~ by drmarkjardine on January 29, 2013.

2 Responses to “The Two Banishments of George Jackson: Flanders and Barbados”

  1. I wonder why you picked up this piece; was it the perfidious James Gourlay reference?

  2. […] indirectly link Paterson’s story to that of other fugitives and residents of Cambusnethan parish who were banished to the army in Flanders in March 1684, although Wodrow does not make that […]

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